As per recent report of KPMG, India has emerged as one of the fastest growing investment destination for foreign companies. Now more and more foreign companies are opening companies in India and making direct investment in them. There are many options available to foreign companies for business set up in India. However, subsidiary company registration is one of the most tax efficient entity structure.
One question which comes in mind of any foreign company is as How to proceed with subsidiary company registration in India.
In this article, we have tried to touch base of the Procedure for incorporation of foreign subsidiary in India
We are providing the Procedure and Documentation relating to Subsidiary Company Registration in India.
To start with, for subsidiary company registration, at least 1 director shall be Indian citizen and Indian Resident. Also, it is advisable to have at least 2 Indian directors. This will facilitate holding of board meetings etc. Also, since foreign company would be shareholder, therefore, it has to appoint one person as authorized signatory who would subscribe shares of Indian company on behalf of foreign company because foreign company being non individual cannot hold shares of its own.
There are 3 stages involved in subsidiary company registration in India with foreign Directors:
- First Stage- Registration procedure
- Second Stage- Post registration procedure
- Third Stage- RBI compliance
First Stage- Steps for Subsidiary Company Registration
Steps involved in subsidiary company registration are as under:
First step is to apply for Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) of all Directors in India
Second step is to apply for Director Identification No. (DIN) of all Directors in India
Third step is to apply for company name approval of proposed Company
Here, applicant shall give 3-4 proposed names of the company out of which one name at the discretion of ROC will get approved. Also, name should reflect the main objects of the company.
Fourth Step is to apply for Final Incorporation
Here, MOA, AOA are drafted and statutory Forms are filed with MCA and also PAN and TAN of company are applied.
Thereafter, Certificate of Incorporation is obtained. This completes the Procedure for incorporation of foreign subsidiary in India
Second Stage- Post Subsidiary Company Registration requirement
Steps involved in post subsidiary company registration are as under:
- Opening of current account in Bank
- Applying for auditor addition on MCA website within 30 days of incorporation of company
Third Stage – RBI compliance for FDI received in India
Since one or more Directors are foreign citizen, any contribution to capital would be considered as FDI and accordingly, RBI compliance needs to be done post subsidiary company registration in India. It involves following steps:
- Remittance of subscription amount in India bank a/c (within 45 days of incorporation) through wire transfer from foreign country bank account to Indian bank account. Obtaining FIRC & KYC docs from the Bank
- Reporting receipt of share application money with RBI within 30 days of receipt of funds (Advance Reporting form along with KYC & FIRC)
- Allotment of shares immediately and
- Reporting in Form FC-GPR within 30 days of date of allotment (& of course post receipt of share application money) and follow up from bank from time to time.
- Issue of share certificates.
Besides above, post subsidiary company registration in India and opening of bank account, it may commence business. RBI compliance can be done simultaneously or parallel with business. Further, before commencement of business, subsidiary company shall take other mandatory registrations like
- GST registration
- IEC registration if engaged in Import or export business
- Shop and Establishment Registration
- ESI, PF registration in case no. of employees exceed 10 or 20 as the case may be.
Hope the above gives some insights on subsidiary company registration in India